archaeology

archaeology (US also archeology) NOUN the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of physical remains.
DERIVATIVES archaeologic adjective archaeological adjective archaeologist noun.
ORIGIN from Greek arkhaios 'ancient' .

English terms dictionary. 2015.

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  • archaeology —    Archaeology in Spain was strongly influenced by the forty years of Franco s dictatorship. Many of the more innovative researchers of the pre Civil War decades either went into exile or were prevented from working, and most of those who were… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • Archaeology — Ar ch[ae]*ol o*gy ([aum]r k[ e]*[o^]l [ o]*j[y^]), n. [Gr. archaiologi a; archai^os ancient (fr. archh beginning) + lo gos discourse, le gein to speak.] The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Archaeology —     The Commission of Sacred Archæology     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Commission of Sacred Archæology     An official pontifical board founded in the middle of the nineteenth century for the purpose of promoting and directing excavations in… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • archaeology — (n.) c.1600, ancient history, from Fr. archéologie (16c.) or directly from Gk. arkhaiologia the study of ancient things; see ARCHAEO (Cf. archaeo ) + OLOGY (Cf. ology). Meaning scientific study of ancient peoples recorded by 1825. Related:… …   Etymology dictionary

  • archaeology — *anthropology, ethnology …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • archaeology — is the BrE spelling; archeology is AmE …   Modern English usage

  • archaeology — [n] study of the physical remains of ancient cultures or eras antiquarianism, excavation, paleohistory, paleology, paleontology, prehistory; concept 349 …   New thesaurus

  • archaeology — [är΄kē äl′ə jē] n. [ ARCHAEO + LOGY] the scientific study of the life and culture of past, esp. ancient, peoples, as by excavation of ancient cities, artifacts, etc. archaeological [är΄kēə läj′i kəl] adj. archaeologically adv. archaeologist n …   English World dictionary

  • Archaeology — For the magazine about archaeology, see Archaeology (magazine). Excavations at the site of Gran Dolina, in the Atapuerca Mountains, Spain, 2008 Archaeology, or archeology[1] (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia …   Wikipedia

  • ARCHAEOLOGY — The term archaeology is derived from the Greek words archaios ( ancient ) and logos ( knowledge, discourse ) and was already used in ancient Greek literature in reference to the study of ancient times. In its modern sense it has come to mean the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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